Salmon is an anadromous fish characterized by a pinkish flesh that lives in the Pacific waters. A fish is considered anadromous when both salt and fresh waters form part of its habitat. A salmon is born in the fresh water and migrates to the sea to mature. It again goes back to freshwater to spawn and bring a new generation.
Salmon are categorized into five different kinds. They are categorized and divided according to their physiology and behaviors. The kinds of salmon are as follows:
- Pink salmon or the humpback salmon is known to be the smallest among the salmon family. They are also ideal for farming because they grow in fresh water. Pink salmon is also known by other names such as karafutomaru and gorbuscha salmon (its Russian name). They can produce 2,000 eggs.
- Chum salmon is characterized by a silvery blue green color. They can tolerate cold more than any other salmon species. Due to their abundance in runs, chum salmon are considered as one of the most important sports fish. They are also known as the dog or the keta salmon. Female chum salmon can yield up to 3,000 eggs. Although dog salmon are known to be abundant in number, they still remain the least marketable salmon species.
- Sockeye is also called the red, blueback, Kokanee, Benimasu or Nerka salmon. The fresh watercolor of the sockeye is red with pale green on its head. When the sockeye migrates into saltwater it transforms its color into a bluish top with black speckles and a silvery bottom and shiny skin. The female kind of this specie lays 3,500-4,000 eggs.
- Coho Salmon is the state fish of Chiba, Japan. It also called as ginmaru, silver or kizhuch in Russia. Cohos are regarded as sports fish, although some government agencies limit the fishing of some coho species. Four of the coho species are now listed among the Earth’s endangered wildlife.
- Chinook salmon has a variety of names such as king, tyee salmon, masunosuka, chachyva, black salmon, Kamchatka etc. They are Alaska’s state fish, and their enormous size and good table qualities make a very good impression in the market. King salmon can weigh up to 100 pounds or more and can be turned into different gourmet food or an alternative for halibut recipes.
Like the Alaskan halibut, the king salmon is one of the most popular sports fish in Alaska. Because sports fish stand as one of Alaska’s tourist attractions, there are plenty of charters that organize competitions during the sporting season. Some tourists travel and join the competition while others just do it for fun.
The peak season for salmon fishing starts in early June and closes at the end of July. So, if you plan to join the fishing, here are some tips on how to catch a king salmon:
- First know when the best time to fish is.
- Use a heavy weighted pole to support big catches.
- Use a vibrating or flashing lure and fresh or cured salmon eggs to attract king salmon.
- If you plan to catch king salmon in the ocean, use a sonar locator to know the best spot for salmon runs.
- Use a weight to sink your lure, keeping it just off the bottom.
With these easy tips, your salmon can be the most delicious one.