The skin is the largest organ of the human body. As such, the skin is prone to a large number of maladies and deformities that require a diverse set of treatments in order to keep them from worsening. Dermatologists constantly research ways to improve their techniques, and dermatological breakthroughs occur often in modern medicine. Of course, there are also aesthetic qualities to skin treatment, and often many of the treatments that you will encounter in a dermatologist’s office involve reversing or preventing the signs of skin aging. Dermatology is also divided into three branches of application – Medical, Cosmetic and Surgical dermatology.
Botox, collagen and chemical peels fall under the area of cosmetic surgery. The main purpose of establishing cosmetic surgery is to improve the quality of a person’s life on a physical, aesthetic level. Botox, one of the more recent and most popular dermatological breakthroughs in recent history, is used to paralyze the muscles of the face in such a way that wrinkles will not show. Due to the elastic property of the skin, it is even possible that Botox can have lasting effects in totally eliminating facial wrinkles.
Laser therapy is one advancement in dermatology that helps patients deal with such skin defects as port-wine stains and lesions. Port-wine stains are caused by a vascular abnormality, and can occur even in children. A laser called a pulse dyed laser is used for this type of treatment. Other uses for laser therapy would be the employment of a switched ruby laser pulse in the removal of warts, tattoos and skin that has abnormal pigmentation. Diseases such as vitiligo, eczema and psoriasis can also be treated through the use of another laser technique, called narrowband ultraviolet B treatment.
Proteins, the natural building blocks of our bodies, can also be employed on the skin. Applying epidermal growth factor protein to the skin helps stimulate the natural regenerative properties of the body’s cells. As a result, this kind of treatment can be used for severe burn victims who have received skin grafts and need to accelerate the healing process. This type of treatment can also be used to stimulate faster healing of any skin wounds.
Mupirocin is an acid that is used in treating and eliminating the staphylococcus virus in the human body. Skin diseases such as impetigo, which is a marked discoloration of certain areas of the skin, can be treated by this Mupirocin, which is an acid. Psoriasis, a chronic skin disorder characterized by lesions and painful sores, can be treated with the use of Vitamin D, in addition to the use of metabolites.
Dermatology indeed is one of the more fascinating branches of medical science. With the rising incidence of skin diseases such as psoriasis, herpes zoster and Kaposi’s sarcoma, dermatologists are hard at work finding new ways to combat these maladies. In fact, there are other diseases that not only affect the skin, but can affect other parts of the body as well. The papilloma virus, for example, is a virus that causes warts and, in some cases, causes cervical cancer. Molluscum contagiosa, on the other hand, can cause skin tumors in the healthiest of adults. That being said, as diseases, bacteria and viruses continue to evolve into more dangerous strains, and so must dermatologists continue to come up with breakthroughs in their field in order to combat these maladies.